What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is very common but is not well understood. It is not a single disease but an informal way of referring to more than 100 types of joint diseases that affect 53 million adults and 0.3 million children.

In short, it is a joint disorder featuring inflammation. A joint is an area of the body where two bones meet.


The causes of arthritis depend on the form of arthritis. Causes include:

-Injury (leading to degenerative arthritis)

-Inheritance (such as in osteoarthritis)

-Abnormal metabolism (such as gout and pseudogout)

-Overactive Immune System (such as rheumatoid)

-Infections (such as in the arthritis of Lyme disease)

The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The wear and tear of cartilage is called as osteoarthritis arthritis (OA) whereas those associated with inflammation as a result of an overactive immune system is called rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Arthritis is mostly prevalent in adults over the age of 65, but it can also develop in children, teens and younger adults. It is more common in women than men and in people who are overweight.

Below are a few symptoms that you can check for:


The symptoms include pain, swelling, redness and warmth of the skin around a joint, fatigue or malaise, reduced range of motion and stiffness. These symptoms usually develop over a period of time, but there are cases where they might appear suddenly. Many people with arthritis notice that their symptoms are worse in the morning. In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, one might feel tired or experience a loss of appetite due to the inflammation which, the immune system’s activity causes.

Medication, physiotherapy or sometimes surgery helps reduce symptoms and improve the quality of life. However, it is advised to consult a doctor as soon as you diagnose the symptoms.

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