What is A Fracture?
A fracture is caused when one of your 206 bones present inside the body is injured or broken. There are a number of conditions that cause a broken bone or fracture condition. Anytime when an excessive force is applied to the bone, it can break the bone or create a crack on the bone. In this article, you will get to know different types of fracture conditions.
What is Bone?
Bones are made to absorb a shock if you face an accident or fall. But at times the conditions can be such that the bones fail to absorb the entire shock and can get affected. There are a number of reasons that can cause a fracture condition. Some of them are:
- A car accident
- Any athletic event
- If you face a push from an external force
- Overuse of bones especially in the field of sports
- Osteoporosis that is a disease that causes bones to weaken
Different Types of Fracture Condition
There are different types of fractures that can happen depending upon the injury the bones face. These include:
- Simple Fracture Condition: It happens when the bone simply breaks into two pieces
- Compound or Open Fracture: It happens when a piece of bone projects through the skin. In other words, if the force of the damage disruptions the skin, it leads to compound or open fracture conditions.
- Closed Fracture: In a closed fracture, the skin is intact but the bone is broken
- Spiral Fracture: A twisted bone that breaks the spirals around the bone
- Compression Fracture: This fracture condition happens when the vertebrae in the spinal column are pushed together. Mostly this type of fracture takes place in an accident
- Greenstick Fracture: Usually this condition is observed among children where the damage occurs in the one side of the bone and the other side tends to bend as a response to the pressure
- Communicated Fracture: When an injury causes the bone to break into three bone fragments, a communicated fracture takes place
- Transverse Fracture: This type of fracture condition takes place across the shorter part of the bone rather than the entire length of the bone
- Avulsion Fracture: If in an injury the ligament or the tendon attached to the bone pull of a piece it causes an avulsion fracture condition.
- Impacted Fracture: When a force presses both ends of the bones bringing the broken ends together is what leads to an impacted fracture.
- Stress Fracture: A small crack in the bone caused due to repetitive motion is called a stress fracture.
Areas most affected with Fracture Condition
Symptoms of a Fracture Condition
Pain in the bone or surrounding area with the swelling in the region can indicate a broken bone. It can be difficult to move a broken bone and can cause difficulty in the movement. Generally, you may notice a bruised skin.
An X-Ray confirms the fracture condition and the type of fracture that you may have. A cast usually helps in healing the broken bone condition. Proper alignment of the bone is a must for proper recovery of the fracture.
It is of utmost importance to check with a doctor when you feel any of the symptoms causing a fracture condition. Proper treatment can take about 15-90 days depending on the type of fracture.